Recruitment

“Recruitment is the process of searching for prospective employees and stimulating them to apply for jobs in the organization.”

Edwin Flippo

Recruitment is the activity that links the employers and the job seekers. Recruitment is one of the steps in the hiring process companies use to recruit and hire new employees. Recruitment is the process of having the right person, in the right place, at the right time. It is crucial to organizational performance.

It is the process to discover sources of manpower to meet the requirement of staffing schedule and to employ effective measures for attracting that manpower in adequate numbers to facilitate effective selection of an efficient working force.

Recruitment is a positive function in which publicity is given to the jobs available in the organization and interested candidates are encouraged to submit applications for the purpose of selection.

Recruitment is a critical activity, not just for the HR team but also for line managers who are increasingly involved in the selection process. All those involved in recruitment activities should be equipped with the appropriate knowledge and skills.

Recruitment of candidates is the function preceding the selection, which helps create a pool of prospective employees for the organization so that the management can select the right candidate for the right job from this pool. The main objective of the recruitment process is to expedite the selection process.

Recruitment is a continuous process whereby the firm attempts to develop a pool of qualified applicants for the future human resources needs even though specific vacancies do not exist. Usually, the recruitment process starts when a manager initiates an employee requisition for a specific vacancy or an anticipated vacancy.

Theoretically, recruitment process is said to end with receipt of application in practice the activity extends to the screening applicants as to eliminate those who are not qualified for job.

The recruitment process involves working through a series of stages:

  1. Defining the role
  2. Attracting applications
  3. Managing the application and selection process
  4. Making the appointment.

Need for recruitment

The need for recruitment may be due to the following reasons/situation:

Vacancies due to promotions, transfer, retirement, termination, permanent disability, death and labour turnover.

Creation of new vacancies due to the growth, expansion and diversification of business activities of an enterprise. In addition, new vacancies are possible due to job specification.

Objectives of Recruitment

Recruitment fulfills the following objectives:

• It provides different opportunities to procure human resource.

• To attract people with multi dimensional skills and experiences that suits the present and future organizational strategies.

• To induct outsiders with a new perspective to lead the company.

• To infuse fresh blood at all levels of the organization.

• To develop an organizational culture that attracts competent people to the company.

• To search or head hunt people whose skills fit the companies values. To devise methodologies for assessing psychological traits.

• To search for talent globally and not just within the organization.

• To anticipate and find people for positions that does not exit yet.

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