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Training and Development

Training and Development is one of the most important functions of Human Resource management in any of the organization.  The objective of this Training is to enhance employees’ skills behavior and expertise by putting them into learning new techniques of doing work.

Training and Development helps in updating employees’ skills and knowledge for performing a Job which at the end results in increasing their work efficiency and increase the productivity of an organization. It ensures that Employees oddness or eccentricity is reduced and learning or behavioral change should take place in a very structured format.  Training and development or Learning and development is an official ongoing educational activities designed for goal fulfillment and enhance the performance of employees. 

The activities linked with Training and Development is created to convey the employee the way to perform better in assigned job. It refers as the skill and knowledge enhancing bustle which is a source of additional information as well as instruction required to improve the quality of performance. Training and Development are two different activities which goes hand-in-hand for the overall betterment of the employee. The short term and reactive process is training which is used for operational purpose while the long term process of development is for executive purpose. The aim of training in HRM  is to improvement of required skills in the employee whereas aim of development is to improve overall personality of the employee. Management takes the initiative of training to fill up the skill gap in the organization; the development initiative is generally taken with the objective of future succession planning.    

Training and Development Meaning and Definition in Human Resource Management (HRM)

Definition:

Training and Development in HRM is defined as a system used by an organization to improve the skills and performance of the employees. It is an educational tool which consists of information and instructions to make existing skills sharp, introduce new concepts and knowledge to improve the employee performance. An effective training and development initiative helps the company to enhance the skills of working manpower and improve productivity.

Meaning:

A program of upgrading of employee’s skills, knowledge and competencies is known as training. The job related training is often provided to the employee to ensure they can well perform on the assigned tasks and contribute to the success of the organization. The development program on the other hand is often preparation to perform the future job. Training and Development provides a learning opportunity to the employee to increase their work capacities and get ready for the future challenges.

Training and development in HRM are two different activities which goes hand-in-hand for the overall betterment of the employee. The short term and reactive process is training which is used for operational purpose while the long term process of development is for executive purpose. The aim of training is improvement of required skills in the employee whereas aim of development is to improve overall personality of the employee. Management takes the initiative of training to fill up the skill gap in the organization; the development initiative is generally taken with the objective of future succession planning.    

Training and Development in Human Resource Management (HRM)

Training and development is always identified as one of the vital HR functions. In most of the organizations training and development is an integral part of the HRD (human resource development) activity. Among the cut-throat competition in the corporate world where skilled manpower is important aspect to gain competitive advantage, training and development acts as a tool for success of organization. As rapid changes in technology are deskilling the employees very quickly, many organizations have fixed certain amount of training hours per year for their employees.

The HRD department is focused towards the improvement of the manpower of the organization. The training and development activities are often used to motivate employees and improve their organizational commitment.  The HR department has found out that employee really appreciate that they have given an opportunity to build new skills and improve their job performance. Employee feels that organization is totally commitment towards the growth of their manpower and thus they like to be a part of training and development activities. The training and development activities are also used to attract new talent towards the organization by publicizing the HRD efforts. 

From the HR perspective, training and development activities are best way to create talent pool in the organization. Instead of hiring staff which is skilled and trained for a particular job profile, training and development activities running in the organization is much cheaper source of internal skilled employees.  It reduces the hiring cost of the organization and due to internal hiring for particular position the employee joining on new post is already aware of the organizational work culture. HRD department also promotes training and development activities as the homegrown executives are found to perform better than skilled people hired from outside.

HRD department is usually in-charge of planning and execution of training and development activities in the organization. This activity includes first search of skill gaps in the organization and then finding a right source from which the employees can learn new skills and improve their performance. It is well said that through training and development activity the HRM department actually contribute to the productivity of the organization.

Need and Importance of Training and Development in HRM

In the dynamic work environment it is important for companies to improve the skill of their manpower. It is critical for employees to learn new things and enhance their skills to meet the work competitions in the business environment. Thus, the training and development programs run by the company is beneficial for both organization and employee.

Need of Training and Development

  • The training and development activity is required when company revises its objectives and goal to adjust the changing market conditions.
  • Companies often endorse training and development programs to improve the performance of the employees.
  • The training and development is needed to set up a benchmark of performance which employees are expected to achieve in a financial year.
  • There is always a need of training and development efforts to teach the employee new skills such as team management, communication management and leadership behavior.
  • Training and development is also used to test new methods of enhancing organizational productivity.

Importance of Training and Development

  • In Human Resource Management (HRM) Training and development is important aspect when company wants optimum utilization of their manpower.
  • Training and development is a key for the succession planning of the organization as it helps in improvement of skills like team management and leadership.
  • Training and development activities are vital to motivate the employee and to increase their productivity.
  • Training and development in HRM is significant aspect to develop a team spirit in the organization.
  • Training and development programs are also important from the safety point of view as it teaches employee to perform job properly without any life risk.
  • From the organizational point of view the training and development programs are important tools to increase profitability and enhance corporate image.

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