What is Training

Well trained people can be somewhat effective without well prepared strategic plans or organization culture but without strategic knowledge and skills everything may collapse. According to Flippo, training is the act of increasing the knowledge and skills of an employee for doing a particular job. The major outcome of training is learning.

Training may be defined as “Planned programme designed to improve performance and bring about measurable changes in knowledge, skills, attitudes (K,S,A) and social behavior of employees. Training may be careered out through various approaches like on the job, through classroom session, on site / off site, online, and case studies.

Features of training

1. Training is a motivational tool

2. Training is primarily job related and need based in order to improve performance of employee

3. A structured training and development program ensures that employees have a consistent

    experience and background knowledge

4. It Enable the employees to deal with the changing jobs and roles

5. Develop knowledge, skill and attitude for handling jobs most efficiently

 

Training vs. Development

Training is tools which support to improvise the specific skills relating to job whereas Development aims at improving the total personality of an individual. Training once imparted can develop the specific skill and therefore its repetition may be required, for up-gradation. In case of development there is no ceiling and may be required repeatedly as it is an ongoing continuous process. Training seeks to meet the current requirement of jobs of the individual, whereas development aims at meeting the future needs of the job and the individual. Development however is more of a proactive process

Training in an organization settings

Training is mainly job related; it aims at maintaining and improving current job performance. Training serves various benefits at organizational and individual level. In fact, it is considered an only tool of human resources department through which the learning and change can bring in an organization.

a)        Benefits to the organization

1. Training develops necessary skills with consequent productivity improvement which means optimum use of equipment, time and raw materials

2. Create a pool of readily available and adequate replacements for personnel who may leave or move up in the organization

3. Training empowers the employee with knowledge and skills enhancement which helps in his career progression.

4. Overall climate and culture of the organization improves

5. Ensure adequate human resources for expansion into new programs

6. Training employees can deliver products and services of a higher quality and enhance

    organizational productivity

7. Build a more efficient, effective and highly motivated team, which enhances the company’s

    competitive position and improves employee morale

8. Employee turnover is reduced thereby reducing the cost to the company

9. Enhance the company’s ability to adopt and use advances in technology because of a sufficiently knowledgeable staff.

10. Benchmark the status of improvement so far in a performance improvement effort.

 

b)        Benefits to employees/ Department

1. Workers are helped to focus, and priority is placed on empowering employees

2. Productivity is increased, positively affecting the bottom and middle line.

3. Employee morale and on the job satisfaction improves

4. Employee confidence is built, keeping and developing key performers, enabling team

    development and contributing to better team/organization morale.

5. Productivity and Proficiency of employee/ Department improves as the HR department can develop appropriate career charts of each employee

6. Employees are kept current on new job-related information, thereby contributing significantly to better customer service.

7. The trained employee stands to gain tremendously as his/her profile and market value

     improves. Corresponding gains occurs to organization.

8. Processes increase in efficiency, resulting in financial gain.

9. Employees are updated on new and enhanced skills, with a view to aligning them to business goals and objectives.

10. Companies with business problems are given a fresh or unbiased professional opinion or

       exploration, evaluation, or critique.

11. After a downsizing, remaining workers are given the technical and management skills to 

      handle increased workloads.

12. Job satisfaction, employee motivation and morale are increased, reducing employee turnover.

 

Training presents a prime opportunity to expand the knowledge base of all employees, but many employers find the development opportunities expensive. training and development provides both the company as a whole and the individual employees with benefits that make the cost and time a worthwhile investment. But the effectiveness of training and development process will depend on the accuracy of followings :

1.Training need identification

2.Training need assessment

3.Training need justification

4.Budgeting and controlling the cost

5.Selection of learning process and training methodology

6.Planning, designing and conducting the process

            7.Evaluation of programe, the trainee and the feedback records                                                                                        

       

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